Clauses and how to use them
There are four different types of clause you can use in English. Main, subordinate, adjective, and noun clauses.
A main clause is the base of the sentence. It is a complete idea made up of a subject and a verb.
Subject + Verb = main clause
Juliana leaped into the air with joy.
Juliana + leaped = main clause
A subordinate clause is dependent on a main clause in order to form a complete thought. A subordinate clause can’t form a sentence by itself it must be paired with a main clause to form a complete sentence.
Subordinate conjunction + subject + verb = incomplete thought
Examples of subordinate conjunctions:
Whenever, as, because
Example of a subordinate clause:
Because I don’t like tomatoes (this is a subordinate clause but NOT a complete sentence)
Example of subordinate clause in a complete sentence:
I didn’t eat them because I don’t like tomatoes.
Relative clauses also can not stand alone to complete a sentence but work with other parts of a sentence. There are two sentence forms you can use to create a relative clause
Relative pronoun or adverb + subject + verb = incomplete thought
Relative pronoun as subject + verb = incomplete thought
who, whom, whose, which, that
who carried herbal medicines in her bag
Relative clause used in a sentence:
I met a tall mysterious woman at the market who carried herbal medicines in her bag.
Any clause that serves the purpose of a noun in a sentence is a noun clause. A noun clause can be several words serving to describe one noun, making it a clause.
what is behind the door = a noun description
Noun clause in a sentence:
Nobody knows what is behind that door